Charles-Louis de Secondat , baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu Born: 18 January 1689 Château de la Brède
Died: 10 February 1755 (aged 66) Paris, France
Family: Jeanne de Lartigue (wife), Jacques de Secondat (father), Marie Françoise de Pesnel (mother)
Early Life and Education: Montesquieu was born to wealthy noble parents in southwest France. He attended the Catholic College of Juilly, during a time of political change in the British Isles and in the midst of Louis 15th’s succession to the throne of France.
After the death of his uncle, Charles-Louis de Secondat received the title Baron de Montesquieu and Président à Mortier in the Parliament of Bordeaux. His first literary success came with the publication of Lettres persanes (Persian Letters, 1721). It is a satire based on the imaginary correspondence of a Persian visitor to Paris. He next published Considérations sur les causes de la grandeur des Romains et de leur décadence (Considerations on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decadence of the Romans, 1734). Montesquieu’s most famous work, De l'Esprit des Lois (The Spirit of the Laws), was originally published anonymously in 1748 and is considered his greatest work. The political philosophies of Montesquieu are some of the more influential ideas that contributed to our own constitution. Much of his life was devoted to travel. He visited Italy, Austria and spent 18 months in England where his works were very highly regarded. Towards the end of Montesquieu’s life his eye sight began to fade and he was forced to settle back in France. Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu, died at Château de la Brède and was buried in the Église Saint-Sulpice, in Paris.
Philosophers of the Enlightenment: Montesquieu the French Philosopher Who Shaped Modern Government, 2006, Rosen Publishing Group plato.stanford.edu/entries/montesquieu/
Cited: Philosophers of the Enlightenment: Montesquieu the French Philosopher Who Shaped Modern Government, 2006, Rosen Publishing Group
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