NEBOSH IOG

Topics: Petroleum, Natural gas, Floating Production Storage and Offloading Pages: 26 (4196 words) Published: September 22, 2013
NEBOSH International Technical Certificate
in Oil and Gas Operational Safety
Unit IOG1
MANAGEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL OIL AND GAS OPERATIONAL SAFETY

element 5: LOGISTICS AND TRANSPORT OPERATIONS
Sample material
(Material correct Autumn 2013)
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logistics and
transport operations

RI
AL

The Management of International Oil and Gas Safety
element

5

Learning Outcomes

MA
TE

 completion of this element,
On
you should be able to demonstrate
understanding of the content
through the application of
knowledge to familiar and
unfamiliar situations. In particular
you should be able to:
Identify
suitable
 the main hazards of andthe oil and
controls for marine transport in
gas industries.

hazards
Identify the maintransportof and suitable
controls for land
in the oil and

RR

C

SA

MP
LE

gas industries..

1-1

| Unit IOG1 – Element 1: Health, Safety and Environmental Management in Context

© RRC Publishing

Contents

MA
TE

Land Transport
Road Tankers
Traffic Management
Rail
Revision Questions

5-3
5-3
5-4
5-6
5-7
5-7
5-8
5-8
5-9

RI
AL

Marine Transport
Hazards of Vessels and Working Over Water
Loading and Unloading of Vessels at Marine Terminals
Control of Marine Operations, Certification of Vessels, Inspection and Approvals Roles and Responsibilities of Marine Co-ordinators, Masters and Crews Personnel Transfers and Boarding Arrangements

Personal Protective Equipment Suitability
Diver Operations
Revision Questions

5-10
5-10
5-14
5-15
5-15

Summary5-16
5-17

RR

C

SA

MP
LE

Exam Skills

5-2

| Unit IOG1 – Element 5: Logistics and Transport Operations

© RRC Publishing

RI
AL

Marine Transport
Key information

The oil and gas industry uses an array of marine vessels and structures, such as FPSO, FSU, FSO and LNG FSRU. • Marine hazards include extremes of weather, accelerated corrosion, the proximity of other vessels, hazardous substances, cargo and personnel transfer operations, and piracy. • Loading and unloading of vessels at marine terminals needs to be strictly controlled; the vessel must be securely moored; cargo transfer must be planned; and precautions against fire and explosion must be observed.

MA
TE

Vessels and crew are subject to regulatory controls, commonly known as ‘flagging’.

The crew of a vessel has a strict command structure – the Master (or captain) has ultimate authority and responsibility for the safety of the vessel and crew.
Personnel transfers can be achieved using methods such as bridges, baskets and rope ladders. • Required PPE is task-dependent but typically includes hard hats, hi-viz jackets, boiler suits and gloves. • Diving operations must be carefully planned and executed; they make use of the permit-to-work system.

Hazards of Vessels and Working
Over Water

FSO

Floating storage and offloading unit – a floating
hull fitted with oil storage tanks and a facility
to transfer oil to tankers. Many FSOs are old,
converted supertankers.

MP
LE

The off-shore oil industry uses a vast array of marine vessels and structures, ranging from the large (floating oil rigs and oil tankers) to the small (survival craft).

JARGON BUSTER

The floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel performs the key functions of:
Receiving hydrocarbons which are produced from nearby
platforms.
Processing them.
Storing them.
Off-loading them via a tanker or a pipeline.
FPSOs are often converted oil tankers or may be vessels built specially for the application.

Other vessels may perform a more limited range of functions
such as:

Floating storage unit – can either be the same as an
FSO or, more commonly, transfer the oil by pipeline
to a...
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