1- In what ways were Britian the dominant industrial power in the world in 1850? Produced more than 50 percent of the world’s textile products Mined more than 80 percent of its coal
Made almost half of its iron
Helped other countries to build their railways
Provided the machinery for fatories in other countries
Had the biggest and most powerful steam engines, which were also exported worldwide
Germany was not a unified country until 1871; before that, industry developed predominantly in the powerful states such as Prussia. USA-
The united states won independence from Britian only in 1783; after that, they applied the new technologies to their own context. Before the industrial revolution, Britian had a powerful navy and many sea trade routes and ports around the world. It aslo a dominant colonial power (india, North america, Australia and the caribbean0 so it could easily import raw materials and export manufactured and agricultural goods worldwide. The exibition-
The great Exhibition held in London in 1851 showcased Britian’s inventions and goods. Other countries then imported, copied or developed their own version of british technology and ideas. Clippers
The development of fast sailing known as clippers meant that ships now fuel efficient. They had more space for cargo than steam ships because they were wind powered and had no need for engines
The development of the screw propeller in the 1840s allowed larger steamships to cross oceans, rather than be limited to rivers and coast lines. These steamships could also carry export and import cargoes.
Colonies- during the Industrial revolution
Britian’s continued dominance as a colonial power meant that it had a reliable source of raw material imports (cotton from America, tea from India, gold from Australia) and a ready market fro its exports Why was manufacturing slow to take of in Australia?
As with North America before the War of Independence, there was an...
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