Use Of Radioactive Isotopes

Topics: Petroleum, Nuclear power, Arc welding Pages: 7 (785 words) Published: November 2, 2013
Major Uses of Radioisotopes

Americum-241

Used in many smoke detectors for homes and businesses…to
measure levels of toxic lead in dried paint samples…to ensure uniform thickness in rolling processes like steel and paper
production…and to help determine where oil wells should be drilled.

Used to analyze metal alloys for checking stock, scrap sorting Cadmium-109

Calcium-47

Californium-252

Carbon-14

Cesuim-137

Chromium-51

Important aid to biomedical researchers studying the cellular functions and bone formation in mammals.

Used to inspect airline luggage for hidden explosives…to gauge the moisture content of soil in the road construction and building industries…and to measure the moisture of materials stored in soils.

Major research tool. Helps in research to ensure that potential new drugs are metabolized without forming harmful byproducts. Used in biological research, agriculture, pollution control, and archeology.

Used to treat cancerous tumors…to measure correct patient
dosages of radioactive pharmaceuticals…to measure and control the liquid flow in oil pipelines…to tell researchers whether oil wells are plugged by sand…and to ensure the right fill level for packages of food, drugs, and other products. (The products in these packages do not become radioactive.)

Used in research in red blood cell survival studies.

Cobalt-57

Cobalt-60

Copper-67

Used as a tracer to diagnose pernicious anemia

Used to sterilize surgical instruments…and to improve the safety and reliability of industrial fuel oil burners. Used in cancer treatment, food irradiation, gauges, and radiography.

When injected with monoclonal antibodies into a cancer patient, helps the antibodies bind to and destroy the tumor.

Curium-244

Used in mining to analyze material excavated from pits…and slurries from drilling operations.

Gallium-67

Used in medical diagnosis

Iodine-123

Widely used to diagnose thyroid disorders and other metabolic disorders including brain function.

Iodine-125

Major diagnostic tool used in clinical tests and to diagnose thyroid disorders. Also used in biomedical research.

Iodine-129

Used to check some radioactivity counters in in-vitro diagnostic testing laboratories.

Iodine-131

Iridium-192

Used to treat thyroid disorders. (Graves’s disease)

Used to test the integrity of pipeline welds, boilers and aircraft parts and in brachytherapy/tumor irradiation

Iron-55

Krypton-85

Nickel-63

Used to analyze electroplating solutions and to detect the
presence of sulphur in the air. Used in metabolism research.

Used in indicator lights in appliances such as clothes washers and dryers, stereos, and coffeemakers…to gauge the thickness of thin plastics and sheet metal, rubber, textiles and paper…and to measure dust and pollutant levels.

Used to detect explosives, and in voltage regulators and current surge protectors in electronic devices, and in electron capture detectors for gas chromatographs.

Used to detect explosives, and in voltage regulators and current surge protectors in electronic devices, and in electron capture detectors for gas chromatographs.

Phosphorus-32

Used in molecular biology and genetics research.

Phosphorus-33

Used in molecular biology and genetics research.

Plutonium-238

Has powered more than 20 NASA spacecraft since 1972

Polonium-210

Promethium-147

Radium-226

Reduces the static charge in production of photographic film and other materials

Used in electric blanket thermostats…and to gauge the thickness of thin plastics, thin sheet metal, rubber, textile and paper.

Makes lighting rods more effective

Selenium-75

Sodium-24

Strontium-85

Strontium-90

Sulphur-35

Technetium-99m

Thallium-201

Thallium-204

Thoriated
Tungsten

Thorium-229

Used in protein studies in life science research.

Used to locate leaks in industrial pipe lines…and in oil well studies....
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