“A riot is the language of the unheard.”
- Martin Luther King Jr
‘Arab Awakening’ or ‘Arab Spring’, which occurred on 18 December 2010, may be regarded as the most recent and burning issue of the contemporary political events since the predominance of news, reports and research over this topic in the year 2011. This huge revolutionary wave in Arab World had given a specific attention when all its happenings were published fully and regularly by the mass media along with the undivided attention from millions of people all round the world. Therefore, ‘Arab Spring’ was not merely a collection of rebellions, uprisings and armed conflicts. It was the regional struggle for democracy and freedom to Middle East which significantly link up with values of Liberalism - one of the most decisive theories in International Relations. This essay will approach and explain ‘The Egyptian Revolution of 2011’ - the emblematic case of ‘Arab Awakening’ in the view of liberals. This study not only helps to analyze the above-mentioned topic but also demonstrate the important role of Liberalism in clarifying the international relations.
‘Arab Awakening’ can be defined as the massive wave of revolutions, rebellions, as well as demonstrations which sweeps across Arabian countries and some parts of North Africa. It first broke out in Tunisia then spread through the neighboring countries independently. Most of its insurgency arose in the year of 2011 and this makes the political situations of the Near East in the same year became extremely troublous. The foremost riot rose in the Republic of Tunisia because of the sensational act of a young man named Mohamed Bouazizi. This twenty-six-year-old man was an irritated street vendor who doused his body with gasoline and burned himself near a local government building on 17 December 2010 due to the confiscation of his unlicensed vegetable cart made by the police. The spontaneous act and the death of this humiliated man in the following day had turn into a powerful outburst of protests broke out with great indignation among Tunisian citizens. This resistance became the stimulus for the uprisings in Arab World. The mass media and the social telecommunications had made their work with an excess of expectations and the rebel wave expanded quickly throughout the region, including Algeria, Libya, Syria, Egypt, Sudan, Jordan, Yemen, etc. Arab Spring had attracted almost all the countries in Near East, which showed the real situations, or more precisely the general problems of the region. It is the “mixture of economic despair, social frustration, and political yearning throughout the region” had fueled the fire among people and nations to struggle against authoritarian regimes of dictatorial leaders. Those leaders, instead of bringing changes to gain popularity of the people, they responded to the movement with violent armed actions, for example: in Tunisia, polices impeded hundreds of dissidents by using tear gas on them; in Yemen, the security forces not only used tear gas but also ammunition to retort protestors; in Libya, rebelling people were applied water cannon and rubber bullets; etc. In spite of being dealt with force, the Arab revolt still continued with initial achievements, such as the successfully government overthrow in three countries: Tunisia (president Ben Ali was ousted in January 2011), Egypt (Mr. Mubarak resigned in February 2011) and Yemen (Mr. Saleh step down in February 2012), especially the death of Muammar Gaddafi in Libya on 20 October 2011.
Inspiring by ‘The Tunisian Revolution’, ‘The Egyptian Revolution of 2011’ (other naming: ‘Freedom Revolution’ and ‘Rage Revolution’) is one of the main events of Arab Awakening which broke out in January 2011 by various socio-economic and religious backgrounds. The slogan of the demonstration was “Freedom! Freedom! Freedom!”, which echoed throughout Egypt, reflected an inconvenient truth of the country under the Mubarak’s iron fist. Although...
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