Benefits of Oil Drilling

Topics: Petroleum, Natural gas, Petroleum industry Pages: 2 (825 words) Published: April 2, 2012
Benefits of Oil Drilling

I am very intrigued by the oil drilling industry. I really hadn’t put much thought into the industry until around three years ago. Since then I have seen many arguments on the pros and cons of drilling for oil either offshore or inland. Some of which I completely understand and believe changes should be put into place soon so that we do not cause more damage than necessary. . Numerous arguments though are just people looking to place blame and are not seeing the bigger picture. In order to appreciate the benefits of oil drilling we need to understand the process that happens, our daily consumption and finally how we can be more dependent with our own sources. Countless of our everyday things are made from crude oil such as the gas we use, heating oil for our homes, paving roads, making plastics and even our children’s crayons. There are many different ways to refine the crude oil to get to the end product. Crude oil is basically fossil fuel that has been formed from dead animals and plants from millions of years ago. Engineers go through a process of locating where oil may be by using sonar. When they believe they have found an area that has this fossil fuel, they begin by drilling a hole and then pump the crude oil out to either a barge or into a pipe that goes directly to land. Once the crude oil makes it to the refinery, they begin to break down the oil through different chemical reactions. This process is called fractional distillation which is where they have to break down the hydrocarbons in the crude oil. After the refineries finish transforming the crude oil, it is then shipped out to different companies to then make the products that we use every day. Even though there has been a horrible disaster recently, polls show that Americans are still very much in favor of more oil drilling. It states, “Despite the spill, 60 percent say they support allowing for more drilling off U.S. coasts…”...
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