Climate Change and Oil Conflict

Topics: Petroleum, Global warming, Climate change Pages: 18 (9412 words) Published: June 4, 2014

Climate Change and Conflict (Oil)

Aleksandra Petkina
Master’s Development Economics and International Studies, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitat Erlangen Nurnberg



Lack of resources has become one of the key points causing conflicts in the Middle East, North Africa and other regions. Competition for natural resources has its roots throughout all the history of mankind: it has always been one of the reasons to break a status-quo. Twenty first century is characterized by increasing concerns about climate change and its impact on human life. The lexicon of a modern man was enriched by the expression “environmental conflict”. More questions about the links between environmental change and conflicts around this matter recently appeared. Growing scarcity of natural resources has already caused increasing actions among developing countries to ensure control over their key sources of profits. Interconnection between security and resources is clearly visible. This connection has a number of reasons: it is the lack of resources, strengthening of the developing countries’ economies and climate change. These points will be a subject of this paper. Paper contains a brief analysis of the situation with the natural resources and assumptions about the nearest future of the world.


Scientific Proof of Climate Change3
Climate change as a catalyst for threats4
Indirect Impact of Oil Use on Climate and Human Security7
Direct Impact of Oil Extraction on Climate and Human Security10 Peak oil, climate change and pipeline geopolitics driving Syria conflict. Level of readiness13

Possible solutions14


The Earth possesses places which appears to stretch endlessly beyond the horizon, the world’s greatest carbons and oxygen suppliers, so vast they seam indestructibly serene, but down below on the ground level constant complex cycle of destruction and degeneration is on the way. And all this unbelievable diversity of nature is under threat as the reserves of oil will be discovered; petroleum companies are already mining bringing pollution and deforestation in some parts of the planet. It would be easier and better economically for the government to just take the oil out; but because it is worth to give like a gift to humanity believing in protection of environment for the human beings, efforts are needed to prevent even further climate changes. No one goes against the exploitation of oil, but against it in some areas. The richness of this natural diversity, the richness of life and its expressions, and its processes, that is what those parts of the world symbolize. The richness of the potential of how humanity could be everywhere in the world, that is absolutely worth to be considered. What absolutely not worth it is carrying down exploitation of fossil fuels and other natural resources, rather then leaving water, leaving streams, leaving forests, leaving trees, leaving cultures. Look at Chevron pollution in Ecuador, BP disaster in the Gulf, the Shell disaster in Nigeria, the price of oil is too much to pay as for the planet and for human society if they don’t stop doing it. While the debate rage is on, the oil companies move closer, but some people are in no doubts what is at stake. The announcements about climate change and danger for environment are a blow to efforts to find alternative models for climate change policies and wildlife conservation in the face of increasing pressure from mining companies and farmers. Animal populations across the planet are 30% smaller now than in 1970, according to the UN environment...

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17. Scheffran Jürgen, Climate Change and Security, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 2008, May-June. P. 19–25.
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27. Westing Arthur. Global Resources and International Conflict: Environmental Factors in Strategic Policy and Action, Oxford University Press, 1986
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