Course Deliverables

Topics: Petroleum, Oil shale, Hydrocarbon Pages: 2 (809 words) Published: December 8, 2013
Course Project Deliverables
1. Form and write a working definition of hydraulic fracturing that demonstrates familiarity with how hydraulic fracturing is actually performed; distinguish gas and oil fracturing (25-50 words). Show where hydraulic fracturing is currently underway in the United States; in Europe; and in South America. (25-50 words) 2. Chapter 8 of the President’s Economic Report for 2012, at page 256 details some of the economic effects of hydraulic fracturing. http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ERP_2012_ch_8.pdf Oil  fracking in the Bakken Shale in and around Williston, North Dakota has had dramatic economic effects. The May, 2012 issue of the Oil and Gas Journal had a lengthy article on the Williston boom. Using such material (and any other source material you may find) write a two- to three-paragraph summary of the economic impact of hydraulic fracturing. TIP: Try a GOOGLE search such as . Hydraulic fracturing has been in used in use in Texas since 1998 for the drilling of natural gas in Barnett Shale. It is also being used by other countries of Europe and North Africa including Norway, the Soviet Union, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Austria, France, Italy, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, Tunisia, and Algeria. Hydraulic fracturing is the braking of rock by using pressurized liquid. This fracturing of the rock allows for the release of natural gas, oil, geothermal energy, and water. This allows the resources to move freely into the well and brought to the surface. This process begins with a site infrastructure that includes building a production well in which drilling can occur. The direction of the drilling can be vertical or paired with horizontal sections. The length of the drilling is between hundreds to thousands feet below the earth surface. Afterward, a wellbore is created. The main purpose of the wellbore is to create small fractures of at least 1mm at length. Then under pressure, a mixture of water,...
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