Evolution of the Democratic and Republican Parties

Topics: Democratic Party, Conservatism, Liberalism Pages: 2 (718 words) Published: March 19, 2014
The thesis of my essay is that over the last six decades, the Democratic and Republican Parties have evolved from coalitions of opposites in which neither were based on an ideology, to, for the Republican Party, a faction of libertarians, populists, Southern Democrats, and more recently the Tea Party, and for the Democratic Party a faction of liberals. The Republican Party moved to a more conservative political view as a reaction to the 1960s. In the 1980s, after the Republicans had already moved to the same political view as the Southern Democrats, the Southern Democrats left the Democratic Party for the Republican Party. After the movements, the Democratic and Republican Parties had an ideology, because they then had an “organized and coherent set of ideas” about politics (Jillson 111). Before the 1960s there were three major voting bodies in Congress, although there were only two major political parties. The Democratic Party was a combination of conservatives and liberals, while the Republican Party was a combination of libertarians and populists while the core of the party were independent. The most conservative and liberal Americans were democratic. While the Republican Party was more neutral, they were still more conservative than liberal because of their relationship with bankers and big business. The 1960s were a perfect storm of the religious left, students, and unions, with Martin Luther King, Jr. at the center. MLK was a populist republican that was at the forefront of the civil right movement and part of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. They had recognized that the civil right movement was failing because of a lack of outside support and in effort to change this MLK helped found SNiCC, a student group, and became a union organizer. SNiCC not only activated the students but started a movement that was not just about the civil rights. The sixties became a radical revolution decade in which the whole United States were shaken up and...
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