Fundamentals of Petroleum Engineering

Topics: Petroleum, Natural gas, Oil well Pages: 38 (2926 words) Published: December 2, 2013
Fundamentals Of Petroleum Engineering
SKPP 1313
INTRODUCTION
ARIFF OTHMAN
Department of Petroleum Engineering
Faculty of Petroleum & Renewable Engineering
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
1

COURSE CONTENT











What is Petroleum Engineering?
What Does Petroleum Mean?
Generation of Petroleum
Chemical Composition of Petroleum
Petroleum Products
Fractional Distillation
The First Oil Well
History of Oil in Malaysia
Production Sharing Contract
MOHD FAUZI HAMID

1

What is Petroleum Engineering?



an engineering discipline concerned with the activities
related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can
be either crude oil or natural gas.



considered as upstream sector of the oil and gas
industry, which are the activities of finding and
producing hydrocarbons.

What is Petroleum Engineer?



A petroleum engineer is involved in nearly all stages
of oil and gas field evaluation, development and
production.



The goal of a petroleum engineer is to maximise
hydrocarbon recovery at a minimum cost while
maintaining a strong emphasis on reducing all
associated environmental problems.



Petroleum engineers are divided into several groups:



Petroleum geologists find hydrocarbons by analysing
subsurface structures with geological and geophysical
methods;

2



Reservoir engineers work to optimize production of oil
and gas via proper well placement, production levels,
and enhanced oil recovery techniques.



Drilling engineers manage the technical aspects of
drilling exploratory, production and injection wells. It
also include mud engineer who manage the quality of
drilling fluid.



Production engineers, including subsurface engineers,
manage the interface between the reservoir and the
well, including perforations, sand control, downhole
flow control, and downhole monitoring equipment;
evaluate artificial lift methods; and also select surface
equipment that separates the produced fluids (oil,
natural gas, and water).

5

Society of Petroleum Engineer (SPE)



The largest professional society for petroleum
engineers and publishes much information
concerning the industry.



In UTM, SPE UTM Student Chapter – the most
outstanding SPE Student Chapter in this region.



This year, SPE-UTM Student Chapter met the gold
standard (top 26 out of more than 200).

3

SPE-UTM Student Chapter

Where does Petroleum Engineer‘s Work?



Employer:










Government
Oil Company.
Service Company.
Supporting Company.
Academic
Others

Location:






Office
Onland Oil Rig
Offshore Oil Rig
Offshore Production Platform

4

Onland Oil Rig

Onland Oil Rig

9

Offshore Oil Rig

Semisubmersible Oil Rig

Drillship
10

5

Office

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What does Petroleum Mean?



Petroleum literally means ‘rock oil’. The word comes
from the Greek word ‘petra’ (meaning ‘rock’) and the Latin word ‘oleum’ (meaning ‘oil’).




The word petrol is a shortened version of ‘petroleum’.
Petroleum products are all the substances made from
petroleum.

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6

Crude Oil






The oil we find underground is called crude oil.
Crude oil is made of a mixture of different chemicals
called hydrocarbons. These were produced when tiny
plants and animals decayed under layers of sand and
mud.
Crude oil doesn't always look the same
– it depends where it comes from.



Sometimes it is almost colourless, or it
can be thick and black. But crude oil
usually looks like thin, brown treacle.



When it comes out of a well (especially
an undersea well), the crude oil is often
mixed with gases, water and sand.

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Crude Oil - Wikipedia



Petroleum or crude oil is a naturally occurring, toxic,
flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of
hydrocarbons of various molecular weights, and other
organic compounds, that are found...
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