Health, Safety and Environment Prospects in Onshore Oil and Gas Industry (Ojasvi Jha)
The foreseeable future of any country depends on Oil and Gas Industry as the energy requirement is the prime objective of any society for development. India, being a developing nation has initiated many activities like crude oil production, processing, handling, storage, transportation and retailing. The main challenge in this field is to minimize the impact these activities have on the environment as well as on human beings while meeting the nation’s energy demands. The upstream activity of oil and gas reserves had many effects like oil spills, damaged land, accidents, fires and incidents of air, water and noise pollution. Management of environment, health and safety has been a very significant issue due to regulations in force, stricter monitoring by concerned authorities, concern by common man and interest taken by industry for its survival and growth. Thus the paper presents the rising effect of the unfriendly activities in onshore oil and gas sector which are affecting the quality of environment as well as human beings and the ways of mitigation or prevention of the various risks associated with petroleum industry, outlining the commercial, technical and social challenges that could influence the future context of health safety and environment management in the industry.
The significance of petroleum in world economy evolved slowly and gradually. Coal and whale oil filled the need for increased energy which was led by The Industrial Revolution. Later on, it was discovered that kerosene can be extracted from crude oil and can be used as lighting and heating fuel. By 20th century demand of petroleum increased significantly and thus, became the most valuable commodity in the world market. With the increasing demand, Oil and gas operations are conducted in every corner of the world starting from Alaska to Australia, Peru to China, Arctic to desert, and Mangrove to offshore. Dependence of society on oil and gas has been increasing rapidly which involves the processes like exploration, development, production and transportation of hydrocarbons. Disaster can strike any time in the oil and gas industry and seldom they does. Such disasters occur throughout the world both onshore and offshore which prove to be hazardous and possesses high risks of fire, explosions, toxic releases and environment pollution if proper precautions are not taken while carrying out any of the activity related to petroleum or crude oil. Major accidents like Mumbai-Uran oil spill, Jaipur IOC Depot, Haryana (Ammonia release) and many others have shaken the confidence of the public about their safety and safety of their property and environment. Some companies are even closed down due to poor safety plans and environmental performance and because of these reasons Major Disaster Government Authorities, Human Activist Groups and Corporate Houses in many countries including India have taken numerous steps to look after the major mishaps which cause loss of human life, property and environmental damage. For this, various efficient and effective HSE Management Systems are setup which comprises of HSE policy, safe work procedures, permit to work system, plant change procedure, audit system, accident/incident reporting and investigation, training of workforce, medical monitoring of employees and many more. There are various ways to look into oil and gas perspectives: From personal viewpoint, fuels provide us with source of heat during cold weather and cool in hot weather, through these we can cook food, heat water, generate electricity, power appliances and travel from one place to another but increase in the price of these fuels greatly affects the individual.
Petrochemical feedstocks are used for manufacturing fertilizers, fabrics, synthetic rubber and plastics. They are important part of personal and household...
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