1. Compare and contrast two Atlantic revolutions, and assess the global consequences.
First of all, both of the French and American revolution have significantly contributed to the development of our modern world. And both revolutions were famous and acknowledged movements in history. However, besides being both immensely profound, the American and French Revolutions share some similarities and vast differences in terms of their origins, methods and outcomes when contrasted after close analysis.
As is commonly recognized, both the American and French Revolution’s ideology was based on that of the Enlightenment era, and were focused around liberty and equality. These ideas were the stimulation of both revolutions took democracy and liberalism as means of motivation. However, although the American and French Revolutions carried similar ideology and relied on the same philosophical source for incentive, they differ in their aims and objectives behind adopting these ideas.
On the one hand, the American Revolution marked a decisive political change, but in other ways it was, strangely enough, a conservative movement, because it originated in an effort to preserve the existing liberties of the colonies rather than to create new ones. But the French Revolution was efforts to create a wholly new society, which marked a fresh start for France. In terms of gender roles, the French Revolution did raise the question of female political equality far more explicitly than the American Revolution had done.
On the other hand, French revolution was more radical than the American revolution, because American Revolution expressed the tensions of a colonial relationship with a distant imperial power, the French insurrection was driven by sharp conflicts within French society. Members of the titled nobility resented and resisted the new taxes. Educated middle-class men were offended because their remaining privileges of the aristocracy were gone. Ordinary urban people...
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