history As germany and italy

Topics: Liberalism, Socialism, World War I Pages: 4 (1346 words) Published: March 7, 2014
How successful were Giolitti’s government in promoting political stability in Italy in the years 1903 -1914? Giolitti’s government was extremely unsuccessful in promoting political stability in Italy. It seemed that the Italian liberal state suffered from political divisions all over the country; this was something no other Liberal western power had experience in the years 1903 to 1914. However under the ‘political divisions’, Giolitti was trying to reform and modernise Italy during his periods in power as Prime Minister. Giolitti and his government attempted to broaden support for Liberalism by appealing to traditionally hostile groups such as the Catholics and the working-class, created a grand trasformismo (a key concept used to describe the political system of Italy in the early 20th century. It was the process by which governments secured majorities from amongst the different factions in parliament by bribery and using pressure through prefects on local government). Therefore creating political instability, in the Italian liberal state. One reason why Giolitti’s government were unsuccessful with attempting to create political stability with in Italy was due to the radicalisation and growth of the socialist party (PSI), which compounded the regime’s political problems. The PSI being inspired by Bolshevik party’s seizure of power in Russia adopted this policy of revolution and made the decision to join the Comintern (the communist international, a Moscow-based organisation, its aims were to co-ordinate and control the activities of national communist parties). Now not committed to a socialist republic and the dictatorship of the proletariat, the socialist party organised numerous strikes, protests and demonstrations in Italy. It attracted massive publicity too, with membership increasing from 50,000 to 200,000 in the years 1913 and 1914. However, Giolitti’s government were not extreme failures after all. They gave concessions to trade unions. He promised...
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