How Far Was Political Opposition to the Tsar Divided in Their Aims and Methods, 1881-1905?

Topics: Liberalism, Democracy, Bolshevik Pages: 2 (483 words) Published: November 28, 2012
How far was political opposition to the Tsar divided in their aims and methods, 1881-1905?

Political opponents of the Tsar were clearly divided in their aims and methods, and consequentially may have contributed to the survival of Tsarist Russia. The main parties were the Social democrats (Bolsheviks and Mensheviks), Social Revolutionaries and Liberals (Octobrists and Kadets). Each of these radical parties had their own separate beliefs on what Russia needed and each aimed for some sort of change. However, within the groups, there were many issues, which they refused to work with each other to solve. The SR believed that Russia’s future lay with the peasantry and so they wanted to give peasants their own land and improve living conditions for working classes. They used tactics such as terrorism and assassinations, such as the assassination of Alexander II. The Liberals also aimed to deal with these social problems facing Russia while establishing a democracy. However, the Liberals, especially Octobrists, did not agree with the violent tactics. They preferred votes and discussions as a way to put across their opinion. In fact, the Liberals were the most moderate of all the radical parties in Russia. They wanted to abolish autocracy and have the power shared between a democratic government. Similarly, the Social Democrat party also wanted to establish a democracy but, once again, without their aggressive methods. While the SR had a terrorist wing, the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks preferred using propaganda campaigns. Although there are some similarities in the aims of the parties, the major differences in methods used meant that each group’s strength alone was not enough to achieve their own specific goals and even though the groups did have some tactics such as propaganda in common, it was not enough.

The parties all also pursued support from different groups of the population. For example, while the Liberal Kadets got support from the educated middle class,...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Political Opponents of the Tsar and Their Methods and Aims Essay
  • How far were divisions among its opponents responsible for the survival of Tsarist rule in 1881-1905? Essay
  • How Far Was the Russo – Japanese War of 1904 – 1905 Responsible for the Outbreak of the 1905 Revolution? Essay
  • How far were the divisions among its opponents responsible for the survival of the Tsarist rule in the years 1881-1905 Research Paper
  • How far were divisions among its opponents responsible for the survival of Tsarist rule in the years 1881-1905 Essay
  • Essay about How firmly was the Tsar in control of Russia before 1905?
  • How accurate is it to say that the growth of reformist groups in the years from 1881 was the main cause of the 1905 revolution Essay
  • Essay on The Underlying Causes of the 1905 Revolution in Russia Were Not Political. Whatever the Revolutionaries Wanted, It Was Not the...

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
computer | Andy Garcia | Tsurikichi Sanpei