How far were the divisions among its opponents responsible for the survival of the Tsarist rule in the years 1881-1905?
In the years 1881-1905 the Tsarist regime was facing large amounts of opposition from many people. The peasants and lower classes caused uprisings, their aims to remove the Tsar from power, while some educated middle class went on strike in an attempt to reform the regime. Many people were revolting and 3 main political groups emerged. The divides in these political groups were heavily responsible for the survival of the Tsarist rule, however there were other factors responsible such as the repression in Russia, which lead to the eventual removal of all opposition groups, and the loyalty of the Tsars supporters, which meant that his power was still stronger than the opposition he was facing.
One of the main reasons the Tsarist rule continued during the tome 1881 until 1905 was due to the splits in the political groups. The were 3 main groups, the Social Revolutionaries, the Liberal and the Social Democrats. Each group had a different aim, strategy and target group. The SR's targeted the peasants and lower class, while the liberals were only interested in the educated middle class. Each groups strategy was very different, the liberals went on strike, while the SR's took a more violent approach. The power each group had individually was not enough to threaten the Tsar, however these differences in aims and beliefs within the 3 main groups meant that they could not combine the groups and work together to bring down the tsar. They were unable to unite their cause and were weaker because of it. Furthermore, there was discontent within the political groups. In 1903 the SD's could no longer function as a single group and split into the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks. The division weakened the groups more meaning the Tsar could continue to rule.
The 1905 concessions were also partly responsible for the survival of the Tsar during the time...
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