Leadership and George Washington University

Topics: Leadership, Management, Organizational studies and human resource management Pages: 78 (24901 words) Published: August 2, 2013
Defining Leadership
A Review of Past, Present, and Future Ideas

BY

MATTHEW R. FAIRHOLM, PH.D.
DIRECTOR, LEADERSHIP STUDIES AND DEVELOPMENT, CEMM

MONOGRAPH SERIES MS02-02

THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR EXCELLENCE IN MUNICIPAL MANAGEMENT

Center for Excellence in Municipal Management’s Research Program Since its inception, The George Washington University Center for Excellence in Municipal Management has focused on providing practitioner oriented research to support and expand its mission. The Center’s efforts have grown to include professional and academic research around such Center-related themes as government transformation, leadership and management, public-private partnerships, and leadership and executive education. The Center supports the School of Business and Public Management’s mission by engaging in research and other scholarly activities to advance leadership and management theory and practice and by providing management and professional expertise to government organizations. The Center’s collection of working papers, academic and professional journal articles, book extracts, and thought pieces is designed to highlight current and future trends in public management, enhance the Center’s training and advisory services, encourage collaboration between practitioners and academics, and provide another outlet for the creation and dissemination of innovative ideas to SBPM students, alumni, faculty, and the general public. The Center’s research products can be found on our website:

www.TeachingLeaders.org

Center for Excellence in Municipal Management 2033 K Street, NW, Suite 240 Washington, DC 20052 202-994-5390, fax 202-994-5389 cemm@gwu.edu

We encourage the distribution of these materials. However, no part of the contents may be reproduced without proper credit given to the author(s) and the GWU Center for Excellence in Municipal Management. © 2002 by the Center for Excellence in Municipal Management

Defining Leadership: A Review of Past, Present, and Future Ideas

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................................. 1 “I KNOW IT W HEN I SEE IT” ............................................................................................................. 1 HISTORICAL THREADS OF LEADERSHIP THOUGHT ............................................................................ 2 Trait Theory ............................................................................................................................. 2 Behavior Theory ...................................................................................................................... 5 Situational Theory ................................................................................................................... 6 The Leadership and Management Distinction......................................................................... 8 Values-based Transformational Leadership: Beyond Reductionism ................................... 10 Values-based Transformational Theory...........................................................................................12 Values and Leadership....................................................................................................................12

THE MORALITY AND PHILOSOPHY OF LEADERSHIP: W HAT GREENLEAF AND BURNS BEGAN............. 13 EMERGING VIEWS AND DESCRIPTIONS OF LEADERSHIP.................................................... 16 PERSPECTIVAL APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING LEADERSHIP ........................................................ 17 FAIRHOLM’S CONCEPTIONS .......................................................................................................... 18 Leadership as (Scientific) Management ................................................................................ 19 Efficient, Predictable Use of Resources, and...
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