EXPLAIN THE PROCESS OF LIBERAL REVOLUTION FROM THE CHARACTERIZATION AND IMPLICATION OF THE SOCIAL ACTORS AND THEIR MAIN ACCOMPLISHED TRANSFORMATIONS.
The Liberal Revolution
It was the culmination of a historic and reformist process that started on July 17th 1851 when Gen. Urbina overthrew the government of Diego Noboa to practice his eminently liberal ideas. Mainly the manumission (to free the slaves) declared on July 25th of the same year. Later, several conservative governments would govern until Ignacio de Veintemilla who was overthrown in 1883 by a “restorer group” that had Liberals and conservatives. Despite of being a fundamental part of the overthrown of Veintemilla, Eloy Alfaro and the Coast Liberalism were segregated from political power. In Quito, it was established a stubborn government that left the people of the coast unattended. These events brought another insurrection in 1884, the forces of the government won and the liberals had to leave the political scene for some time. On these revolutionary movements Had a particular participation the coast peasantry (campesinado) which were segregated since 1830.
In fact, on the coast there many vindication movements named “montoneras” made of peasants (laborers), small farmers, who tired of being abused and explioted by the “Hacendados” and some authorities, decidade to organize under liberal principles. The popular resistance had began. Eloy Alfaro understood the economic and social realtity of the Ecuadorian people, he merged with them and took the struggled flag far beyond of the propposals of theoric liberals who were elite classes, merchants or farm owners. He became the leader of the Radical Liberal movement. He from exile (panama), was still fighting for the government of Caamaño, Antonio Flores Jijon, and Luis Cordero that ended abruptly because of “the flag scandal”. Dominated by the political and social power the Catholic...
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