Topics: Liberalism, French Revolution, Conservatism Pages: 3 (934 words) Published: May 1, 2013

The English word Liberty is derived from the Latin word 'Liber' which means “free”. Thus, the etymological or the literal meaning of liberty is 'doing what one desires. But this fails to satisfy the spirit of this concept. From time to time this concept has been variously interpreted to give it varied meanings Liberty can be enjoyed only in a society and there would be no liberty if there is no society. Alexander Selkirk, the sailor who was banished in a lonely island, was denied of liberty as there was no human society. Thus, liberty can be enjoyed in a congenial social atmosphere. 

It is the value of individuals to have agency (control over their own actions). Individualist and classical liberal conceptions of liberty typically consist of the freedom of individuals from outside compulsion or coercion, also known as Negative liberty. This conception of liberty, which coincides with the libertarian point-of-view, suggests that people should must ought to behave according to their own free will, and take responsibility for their actions, while in contrast, Social liberal conceptions of (Positive liberty) liberty place an emphasis upon socialstructure and agency and is therefore directed toward ensuring egalitarianism. In feudal societies, a "liberty" was an area of allodial land where the rights of the ruler or  monarch  were waived.

The celebrated French philosopher Rousseau on the eve of the French Revolution of 1789 made a historic declaration.

"Man is born free but is everywhere in chains"

It is a concept with magical touch for which people still prefer to die. Being obsessed by the blood bath of French Revolution Romain (Madam) Roland went to the statue of Liberty and said "Liberty, how many crimes are committed in thy name". The fight of the Americans against British imperialism, the French Revolution of 1789 against the Bourbon king, the Proletarian Revolution of 1917 against the Czarist regime, India's freedom struggle and Dr....
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