Modern History

Topics: Modern history, French Revolution, World War II Pages: 66 (19961 words) Published: September 2, 2013
Modern history
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"Modern Age" redirects here. For other uses, see Modern Age (disambiguation). Human history
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Modern history
Early modern



Modern history, also referred to as the modern period or the modern era, is the historiographical approach to the timeframe after the post-classical era (known as the Middle Ages).[1][2] Modern history can be further broken down into the early modern period and the late modern period after the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. Contemporary history is the span of historic events that are immediately relevant to the present time. The modern era began approximately in the 16th century.[3][4] Contents

1 The study of modern history
1.1 Source text
1.2 Terminology and usage
1.2.1 Pre-Modern
1.2.2 Modern
1.2.3 Postmodern and contemporary
2 Modern era
2.1 Significant developments
2.2 Modern as post-medieval
2.2.1 Early modern period
2.2.2 Late modern period
3 Early modern period
3.1 Asia
3.1.1 China
3.1.2 Japan
3.1.3 India
3.2 Europe
3.2.1 Tsardom of Russia
3.2.2 Reason and Enlightenment
3.2.3 Scientific Revolution
3.2.4 The French Revolutions
3.2.5 Italian unification
3.2.6 End of the early modern period
3.3 North America
3.3.1 Decolonization of North and South Americas 4 Late modern period
4.1 Modern Age Timeline
4.2 Industrial revolutions
4.2.1 Industrialization
4.2.2 Revolution in manufacture and power
4.2.3 Notable engineers
4.2.4 Social effects and classes
4.2.5 Imperial Russia
4.3 European dominance and the 19th century
4.3.1 Imperialism and empires
4.3.2 British Victorian era
4.3.3 French governments and conflicts
4.3.4 Slavery and abolition
4.3.5 African colonization
4.3.6 Meiji Japan
4.4 United States
4.4.1 Antebellum expansion
4.4.2 Civil War and Reconstruction
4.4.3 The Gilded Age and legacy
4.5 Science and Philosophy
4.5.1 Notable persons
4.5.2 Social Darwinism
4.5.3 Marxist society
4.6 European decline and the 20th century
4.6.1 Australian Constitution
4.6.2 Eastern warlords
4.6.3 World Wars era
4.6.4 Post-1945 world
4.7 Contemporary era
5 Modern history education and schools
5.1 British education
5.2 Universities
6 See also
7 Further reading
8 References
9 External links

The study of modern history

Some events, while not without precedent, show a new way of perceiving the world. The concept of modernity interprets the general meaning of these events and seeks explanations for major developments. Source text

Main articles: Historical method and Source text

The fundamental difficulty of studying modern history is the fact that a plethora of it has been documented up to the present day. It is imperative to consider the reliability of the information obtained from these records. Further information: Historiography and Philosophy of history Terminology and usage


In the Pre-Modern era, many people's sense of self and purpose was often expressed via a faith in...

References: Earle, Edward Mead. An Outline of Modern History; A Syllabus with Map Studies. New York: Macmillan Co, 1921.
Grosvenor, Edwin A. Contemporary History of the World. New York and Boston: T.Y. Crowell & Co, 1899.
Bryant, Arthur (1950). The age of elegance 2. New York and Boston. p. 54. Retrieved 2010-04-29. ISSN 1476-3324
^ a b modern. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000
^ Tirosh-Samuelson, H
^ Maine, H. S., & Dwight, T. W. (1888). Ancient law: Its connection with the early history of society and its relation to modern ideas. New York: H. Holt and Co.
^ Boylan, P. (1922). Thoth, the Hermes of Egypt: A study of some aspects of theological thought in ancient Egypt. London: H. Milford, Oxford university press
^ Fordyce, J
^ Crawley, C. W. (1965). The new Cambridge modern history. Volume 9., War and peace in an age of upheaval, 1793–1830. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
^ Goldman, E. O., & Eliason, L. C. (2003). The diffusion of military technology and ideas. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press.
^ Boot, M. (2006). War made new: Technology, warfare, and the course of history, 1500 to today. New York: Gotham Books.
^ Bloy, Marjie (30 April 2002). "The Congress of Vienna, 1 November 1814 – 8 June 1815". The Victorian Web. Retrieved 2009-01-09.
^ Hazen, Charles Downer (1910). Europe since 1815. American historical series, H. Holt and Company.
^ Duruy, V., & Grosvenor, E. A. (1894). History of modern times: From the fall of Constantinople to the French revolution. New York: H. Holt and company.
^ Johnson, P. (2001). Modern times: The world from the twenties to the nineties. New York: HarperPerennial.
^ Martín Lister, New media: a critical introduction. Psychology Press, 2003. Page 14
^ Taylor, Alan (2001)
^ R. Keith Schoppa (2000). The Columbia Guide to Modern Chinese History. Columbia University Press. p. 15.
^ "Mughal Empire (1500s, 1600s)". London: BBC. Section 5: Aurangzeb. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
^ Helen Miller, Aubrey Newman. Early modern British history, 1485–1760: a select bibliography, Historical Association, 1970
^ Early Modern Period (1485-1800), Sites Organized by Period, Rutgers University Libraries
^ Paul Oskar Kristeller, Humanism, pp. 113-4, in Charles B. Schmitt, Quentin Skinner (editors), The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy (1990).
^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis essay retrieved March 11, 2006
^ Cayley, E
^ Harding, S. B., & Hart, A. B. (1918). New medieval and modern history. New York: American book company.
^ Solovyov, S. (2001). History of Russia from the Earliest Times. 9, ch.1. AST. ISBN 5-17-002142-9. Retrieved 27 December 2007.
^ Solovyov, S. (2001). History of Russia from the Earliest Times. 15, ch.1. AST.
^ Edwards, B. T. (2004). Informal empire: Mexico and Central America in Victorian culture. Minneapolis, Minn: Univ. of Minnesota Press
^ Maddison, Angus (2001)
^ Ferguson, Niall (2004). Colossus: The Price of America 's Empire. Penguin. ISBN 1-59420-013-0. p. 15
^ Kenneth B
^ John Whitney Hall, "Japanese History: New Dimensions of Approach and Understanding" (2nd ed. 1966
^ Jean-Pierre Lehmann and Sue Henny, eds
^ See generally Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, 221 U.S. 1 (1911).
^ F.K Richtmyer, E.H Kennard, T. Lauristen (1955). "Introduction". Introduction to Modern Physics (5th edition ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. p. 1. LCCN 55-6862.
^ a b ter Haar, D. (1967). The Old Quantum Theory. Pergamon Press. p. 206.
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