Chapter 1 Question :
a. 1. separation of powers grants each branch their own authority, checks and balance ensure that no branch becomes too powerful. 2.the political theory of pluralism says political power doesn’t lie with the electorate but is distributed between a lot of groups. Chapter 2 questions:
b. 1. The Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise), the writers of the Virginia Plan wanted a bicameral legislature with both houses controlled by population The writers of the New Jersey Plan wanted a unicameral legislature in which everyone had the same amount of representatives. The Connecticut delegates came up with the Great Plan , a bicameral legislature, with one house controlled by population, the other would have two representatives from each state. The 3/5 Compromise, this was done to appease the Southern states, which wanted to count their slaves as population as to gain more representatives. It was agreed that a slave would count as 3/5 of a person. This was important because it helped determine how many representatives in the House a state could have. If the Compromise hadn't been enacted, John Adams would have won the election of 1800 .There was also the compromise on executive elections. Some delegates thought it should be a popular vote. Others thought that people could not be trusted with such a big decision, partly because people could not get information about the candidates easily. They compromised and created the electoral college 2.Constitutional problems the new republic faced in the first 25 yrs centered around getting states to ratify it. In 1788, five states of the nine necessary for ratification had approved the Constitution. Jefferson's philosophy was most viable. 3. The Bill of Rights is used to protect certain civil liberties which are given to the state and the people of the us. the ones who will define the bill of rights would be the liberals.
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