1. Thesis Paragraph
a. He lived 1632 to 1704. 1
b. He is considered one of the first philosophers of the Enlightenment and the father of classical liberalism. 1 c. John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17th century. 3 d. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism. 3 2. British Civil War
a. Charles I was a king who didn’t like the limited power. He went and found loopholes. Citizens worried that Charles had found a way to run the country without the Parliament. In retaliation, the citizens King Charles I, which abolishes monarchy for a time until 1660s. In the 1660s, King Charles II was restored to the throne and people stared to thrive. Global trade increased and new social ideas emerged, including rhetorical ones about rights and liberties. 7 3. Enlightenment
a. In the mid 1600s, European thinkers began to apply scientific principles to the study of society and government. They believed that reason was the key to human progress. 6 4. The Two Treatises-what it’s about.
a. In his work, Locke rejects the idea of the divine right of kings, supports the idea of natural rights, and argues for a limited constitutional government, which would protect individual rights. 1 b. The Two Treaties of Government has long been hailed as a seminal work in the history of political liberalism. 2 c. Although the nature of its influence on subsequent ideas is debated among scholars, few question its powerful influence on French, American and to a lesser extent, Spanish revolutionaries in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. 2 5. First Responses
a. In this field, Locke is best known for his arguments in favor of religious toleration and limited government. Today these ideas are commonplace and widely accepted. But in Locke’s time they were highly innovative, even radical. 3 b. During the American Revolution, Locke’s views were often appealed to by those seeking to establish...
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