Petroleum and Natural Gas

Topics: Petroleum, Natural gas, Coal Pages: 13 (1227 words) Published: October 10, 2013
APES chapter 17

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____1.If the annual consumption of petroleum in the United States is about 23 barrels per capita, the total annual consumption of petroleum in the United States is closest to a.
12 million barrels
b.
240 million barrels
c.
2 billion barrels
d.
7 billion barrels
e.
10 billion barrels

____2.The majority of atmospheric mercury is produced by
a.
medical waste incinerators
b.
run-off from thermometer factories
c.
compact fluorescent lightbulbs in landfills
d.
biogas digesters
e.
coal-burning power plants

____3.The process of extracting and separating gold in remote regions often results in environmetnal contamination with which of the following? a.
ozone
b.
cyanide
c.
mercury
d.
carbon dioxide
e.
lead

____4.Which of the following metals is considered an energy resource? a.
Uranium
b.
Colbalt
c.
Mercury
d.
Copper
e.
Palladium

____5.Control rods in a reactor
a.
release neutrons.
b.
absorb neutrons.
c.
reflect neutrons.
d.
slow down neutrons.
e.
accelerate neutrons.

____6.Natural gas from wells consists of 50% to 90%
a.
methane.
b.
ethane.
c.
propane.
d.
butane.
e.
ethanol.

____7.____ is the dirtiest fossil fuel to burn.
a.
Oil
b.
Natural gas
c.
Coal
d.
Wood
e.
Biomass

____8.Crude oil components are separated by
a.
gravity.
b.
distillation.
c.
pressure.
d.
filtration.
e.
combustion.

____9.Compared to subsurface mining, surface mining
a.
is more dangerous.
b.
is more expensive.
c.
disturbs more land.
d.
produces less waste material.
e.
all of these answers

____10.The separation of various components of crude oil in refineries is accomplished primarily by taking advantage of differences in which of the following? a.
the densities of the componenets
b.
the boiling points of the components
c.
the solubility of the components
d.
the sulfur content of the components
e.
the viscosities of the components

____11.Environmental impact would be greatest mining for a ____ ore. a.
high-grade
b.
moderate-grade
c.
low-grade
d.
plentiful
e.
low to moderate-grade

____12.The U.S. Mining Law of 1872
a.
requires miners who purchase public lands to pay 10% of their profits to the federal government. b.
encourages extraction on public lands almost free of charge. c.
requires miners to reclaim the land when they close a mining operation. d.
encourages miners to prevent land degradation.
e.
encourages miners to reclaim the land.

____13.The current (on-again/off-again) recommendation of Congress for the permanent storage of high-level radioactive waste in the United States is to a.
bury it deep underground at sites remote from population centers such as Yucca Mountain b.
store it in huge pools of water at the nuclear plants where they are produced until they are considered “safe” c.
store it in concrete and steel casks, above ground in air-cooled buildings at the nuclear plants where they are produced d.
store it deep in the Antarctic ice sheet and burial beneath the ocean floor e.
shoot it into space

____14.Which of the following statements about liquefied natural gas (LNG) is false? a.
Natural gas has to be liquefied before it can be transported by ship. b.
Shipment of LNG is safe and inexpensive.
c.
Explosions in urban areas near LNG loading facilities could kill people and cause much damage. d.
Conversion of natural gas to LNG reduces net energy yield by one-fourth. e.
This liquid is highly flammable.

____15.The fissionable fraction of the fuel in a nuclear reactor is a.
uranium-235.
b.
uranium-238.
c.
uranium-236.
d.
plutonium-235.
e.
iodine-125.

____16.Mining can cause
a.
collapse of land.
b.
acid mine drainage.
c.
spoils, heaps, and tailings.
d.
emission of toxic chemicals....
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