THE IMPACT OF OIL SPILLAGE ON RURAL AREAS IN NIGERIA
ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL SKILLS
NWANNA ONYINYECHI RUTH
STUDENT ID; 5423377
Oil spillage is the introduction of chemical hydrocarbon into the ecosystem. Such as lands, water systems, forest etc. which serves as a habitat for humans, mammals, birds, fishes etc. Though the oil production sector serves as a major source of income in Nigeria. Pollution arising from the oil industries has become a cause for distress especially in rural areas (Niger delta).
production of oil has held the highest negative influence on the environment. Environmental pollution caused by oil spillage will disrupt activities of the people in the rural area. Such as farming, hunting, palm wine tapping, fishing which seems to be a major source of income and livelihood to a very large number of people in rural areas.
The Niger Delta is simply one of the most oil-polluted areas in the world. About 7,000 spills may have happened between 1970 and 2000. Environmental units equally say more than 300spill cases happen annually. Presently, bunkery reports for 28per cent of total oil spillage in the region. The effects on the long run will have impacts on the local population, livelihoods, health, food security, conflict etc (Environmental action/friends of the earth Nigeria and oil watch Africa, 2012).
RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND METHODLOGY
* What are the implications of oil spillage in rural areas in Nigeria? WHY: To be able to create sufficient awareness about the negative implications of oil spillage in rural areas and why the government and oil producing companies need to give immediate and adequate attention to areas affected.
* What are the major causes of oil pollution?
WHY: To know the areas the government need to pay more attention to, in order to reduce the level of environmental oil pollution.
REASONS FOR CHOOSING THIS AREA TO INVESTIGATE
* To see that affected rural communities go through remediation. * To create awareness regarding the dangers of oil pollution in rural communities
BENEFITS OF THE RESEARCH
* It will benefit any organisation looking to invest in rural regions, precisely organisations investing in drilling and exportation of oil. To have a calculated risk analysis and be aware of the major risk involved in this kind of business and whatever is the risk of sabotage of oil pipelines by individuals which leads to oil spill. * With an awareness of the implication of oil spill from this research, oil and gas companies will be careful on oil production procedures so it doesn’t lead to oil spillage, thereby creating a conducive working environment with harmonious relationship with the host community.
* Its going to give me personal satisfaction to see rural communities live free from contamination as an environmental activist
SOME EFFECTS OF OIL SPILLAGE ON RURAL AREAS IN NIGERIA
* Oil spills result in the contamination and pollution of the atmosphere, food crops and water with toxins dangerous to human health and livestock. Some of these toxins are carcinogenic and have threatening effects on humans and animals in the long run.
* Crude oil spill result in the loss of crops. Affecting quality and quantity of food available to families in the affected communities. This could result to 24% increase in childhood starvation and child mortality (Ordinioha and Sawyer, 2008). Problems that could arise from childhood malnutrition are obvious (Rice, Sacco, Hyder and Black, 2000) . What is not well taken into consideration is the consequences of sex for finance and...
References: Nwauche C.A., Akani CI. (2006) ‘An assessment of high risk sexual behavior and HIV transmission among migrant oil workers in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria’ Niger J Clint practice; 48-51. [9 February 2014]
Rice A.L, Sacco L, Hyder A, Black R.E. (2000) ‘Malnutrition as an underlying cause of childhood deaths associated with infectious diseases in developing countries’. Bull World Health Organization; 78:1207–21.
Anochie IC, Ikpeme EE. (2001) ‘Prevalence of sexual activity and outcome among female secondary school students in Port Harcourt, Nigeria’. Afr J Reprod Health; 5:63–71.
Environmental Rights Action /Friends of the Earth Nigeria and Oil Watch (2012)(nd) Nigerian ;Oil Pollution, Politics and Policy [online] available from http://www.eraction.org/publications/oilpollutionpoliticsandpolicy.pdf
[7 February 2014]
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