THE INTERNATIONAL OIL COMPANIES:
A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF THEIR RULES AND OPERATIONS
BEING AN ESSAY
BABALOLA OLABISI ABIDEMI
PRESENTED TO THE
FACULTY OF LAW
OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY
ILE-IFE, OSUN STATE
IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF MASTERS OF LAW (LLM DEGREE)
This is to certify that this long essay was written by BABALOLA, OLABISI ABIDEMI under my supervision.
Prof. A.O. Popoola
This Essay is dedicated to the family of Prince Dejo Babalola. A family of motivators and achievers.
I give God, the Almighty all praise and glory for showing me the way to go in life. I know a truth, that I am not where I am by chance but by divine guidance. Thank you Lord.
I want to appreciate the good work and support of my father, Prince Dejo Babalola, my step mother, Mrs. Celine Babalola, all my brothers and sisters, nieces and nephews, particularly Uncle Leo Babalola, “my very best friend”. Thank you all.
My friends, Mrs. Kudirat Akano, Kehinde & Taiwo Daodu, Bukola Agboola, Wole Jayeola, Tope Oridudu, Bisi and Tunji Omidiran, Yusuff Babatunde, Tunde Igbalaye, Ifawole Adejumobi and a host of others too numerous to mention. Please, I will still need your support to wade through the waters of life.
Mr. Adisa Anbali, Mr. Adekilekun Tijani and Miss Olaide Babatunde you are such wonderful fellows, being with you while this program lasts is an experience I always want to re-live over and again. Also, Miss Funmi Mohmoh, thank you very much for your support and encouragement.
I will be eternally grateful to Prof. Ademola O. Popoola, the Dean, Faculty of Law, who breathed unto me “the breath of law” since my undergraduate days at O.A.U. I am fortunate at last, to have him supervise this project. His expertise and knowledge on various aspects of the law are both intimidating and interesting. Sir, may the Lord continually bless you and give you good health all the days of your life (Amen).
I am also grateful to all those who offered me love and encouragement during the course of this programme in one way or the other. May the good Lord bless you all (Amen).
TABLE OF STATUTES
Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999)
15 Federal Environmental Protection Agency Act, CAP 165 LFN 2004.
92 Petroleum Act, CAP 350 LFN 2004.
Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (1992)
43 United Nation Convention on Biological Diversity (1992)
43 United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration
American Petroleum Institute
Barrel Per Day
Company Hahaized Des Petroles
Coalition for Environmentally Responsible
Chevron Nigeria Limited
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact Statement
Environmental Management System
Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
Eco-Management and Audit Regulation
Environmental Performance Statement Evaluation
Federal Environmental Protection Agency
International Council of Chemical Associations
International Chamber of Commerce
Institute of Social and Ethical Accountability
International Standard Organization
Joint Operating Agreements
Memorandum of Understanding
Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People
Multi National Oil Company
Mobile Producing Nigeria Unlimited
Nigeria Agip Oil Company
National Emergency Management Agency
Nigeria Liquefied National Gas
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18. International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources: “Oil Exploration in the Tropics”: Guideline for Environmental Protection (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN, 1991).
20. Oil and Gas Exploration and Production in Mangrove Areas, environmental assessment sourcebook (Washington DC, World Bank, 1991).
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29. Awake!; November 8, 2003, P. 12.
30. Human Right Watch; January 10, 2006, p. 17
32. The Guardian Newspaper, 30th May, (2005).
34. The Punch Newspaper; Page 53, 30th May, (2006)
36. Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999
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