POL131: American Government
Our Two-Party Politics
Our founding Fathers strongly opposed the formation of political parties, and did not have the foresight of the power the political parties would have on the United States, when the Constitution of the United States was being created (Barbour. Wright, 2011). Quite possibly much to the founding fathers dismay, after the Constitution' was creation, the political parties had been created. In the centuries that have passed, mainly two parties have become critical to America's political and governing processes; they select candidates, educate voters, organize the legislative process, and serve as an observationist of the actions that is being taken by the other party(s). For most of the United States history, mainly only two parties have filled these critical roles at any given time. However a third parties do exist; although they have a minor role and rarely achieve great electoral mention or any real success. They do still contribute in important ways to our political system. Even though our country has only really recognizes two parties, these two parties have dominated American politics, and the vision and the composition of the dominant parties have changed from when they were first formed. Every thirty or forty years, a new party(s) tries to emerge, if successful the new party(s) replace old or the political agenda and objective changes within the party (Berger,2013). However there is an emerging believe that political parties are having less essential to our political system, and a posibbillity that during the twenty-first century, political parties will could disappear altogether from the political arena. However but political scholars disagree and argue that political parties are needed for our political system to function and to contribute to the enhancement of our constitution (Barbour. Wright, 2011). Political parties inform and energize their members, and also want to inform voters who may not know much about their party or try to sway undecided voters. They send out brochures, run media campaigns, knock on doors, call voters on the phone, and throw mass media campaigns on “get out the vote”. Individual candidates can do the same thing, but the parties have extensive networks of bit the state and local offices; these resources can be instantly called to action at the service of a candidate once the party nomination is secured. The parties have massive fundraising, and grass roots structure in place that helps the candidates' ability to finance their campaigns. Political parties help bring order to the process of policymaking in Washington and at the local level. As party members, the individual politicians have a “ready-made” group of allies that will for the most part support with their efforts or vision to pass and implement legislation. For example, at the national level, this means that a new Congressperson already arrives with a network of allies that will support his/her efforts. This effort must be replicated and that he/she must support those allies that backed the new Congressperson, when this does not happen the party tends to have inner turmoil, or the new Congressperson will be thwarted with their efforts in their party Washington. In addition, party alliances help closes the gap between the legislative and executive branches. While these two branches are separated by the Constitution, the existence of political parties and allows for the distance between the branches and helps them work closer together. With our two main parties, Democratic and Republican these parties some only view, that these two parties only are accepting a limited amount of views; ie: Moderate Democrat and liberal Democrat. Moderate Republican, religious Republican, libertarian Republican, free-market Republican. What party does the voter have if their idealisms does not match the two parties that our system currently follows, and...
References: Barbour, C., & Wright, G. C. (2011). Keeping the republic: power and citizenship in American politics (4th brief ed.). Washington, D.C.: CQ Press.
Berger, B. (2013)
Breaking the Hold of Two-Party Politics - US News. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.usnews.com/opinion/articles/2013/05/02/why-the-two-party-political-system-is-failing-the-united-states
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